Learn HTML

In the ever-evolving digital landscape, HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) stands as the foundational pillar of the World Wide Web. HTML has played an integral role in shaping the internet as we know it today. This essay explores the journey of HTML, its evolution over the years, its significance, and its impact on the web development industry.

I. The Birth of HTML

HTML was conceived in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist, who is often credited as the inventor of the World Wide Web. Its primary purpose was to facilitate the sharing of scientific information among researchers at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research). HTML was designed as a simple markup language to structure documents, making them easily readable by both humans and machines.

II. The Evolution of HTML

  1. HTML 1.0 – The Birth of a New Era HTML 1.0, released in 1993, was the very first version. It introduced basic formatting tags like headings, lists, and links. This laid the foundation for the web’s structure and interactivity.
  2. HTML 2.0 – Expanding the Horizon HTML 2.0, released in 1995, brought further enhancements such as tables, forms, and image support. This version marked the beginning of web pages becoming more interactive and visually appealing.
  3. HTML 3.2 – The Rise of Web Design HTML 3.2, released in 1997, added features like frames, font styling, and background colors. This era saw the emergence of web design as a distinct discipline.
  4. HTML 4.01 – A Mature Standard HTML 4.01, released in 1999, introduced better support for multimedia elements like audio and video. It also laid the groundwork for web development practices that persisted for years.
  5. XHTML – Combining HTML and XML XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language), introduced in 2000, aimed to bridge the gap between HTML and XML, emphasizing the importance of well-formed code and strict syntax.
  6. HTML5 – A Game-Changer HTML5, introduced in 2014, revolutionized web development. It brought native support for video, audio, and graphics, eliminating the need for third-party plugins like Flash. HTML5 also introduced the canvas element for interactive graphics and the semantic structure for better accessibility.

III. The Significance of HTML

HTML’s significance can hardly be overstated. It serves as the backbone of every web page, providing the structure and content that browsers render into user-friendly experiences. Its importance lies in several key areas:

  1. Accessibility: HTML’s semantic elements (e.g., <header>, <nav>, <main>, <footer>) improve web accessibility by providing meaningful labels for content, aiding screen readers, and making the web more inclusive.
  2. Compatibility: HTML is universally supported by all web browsers, ensuring that web content is accessible to a broad audience regardless of their choice of browser or device.
  3. SEO (Search Engine Optimization): HTML’s structured markup helps search engines understand and index web content effectively, influencing a website’s visibility in search results.
  4. Responsive Design: HTML, in combination with CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and JavaScript, enables responsive web design, allowing web pages to adapt to various screen sizes and devices.
  5. Rich Media: HTML5’s native support for multimedia elements has led to the widespread use of video and audio content without relying on third-party plugins, enhancing the overall user experience.

IV. HTML and Web Development

The impact of HTML extends to the entire web development ecosystem:

  1. Web Development Frameworks: Various web development frameworks and libraries are built upon HTML to streamline the development process, making it more efficient and accessible to developers.
  2. Content Management Systems (CMS): CMS platforms like WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal generate HTML-based websites, simplifying content creation and management for non-technical users.
  3. Interactive Web Applications: HTML, when combined with JavaScript and CSS, empowers developers to create sophisticated web applications, ranging from social media platforms to online collaboration tools.
  4. E-commerce: HTML forms the foundation of e-commerce websites, enabling online shopping, payment processing, and inventory management.
  5. Web Standards: HTML standards are continuously evolving, driven by organizations like the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and browser vendors, ensuring a consistent and interoperable web experience.


HTML’s journey from a simple markup language to the cornerstone of web development has been nothing short of remarkable. Its evolution, significance, and impact on the digital world are undeniable. As we continue to witness technological advancements and the ever-changing landscape of the internet, HTML remains a constant, connecting us all through the vast network of the World Wide Web. It has truly transformed the way we communicate, learn, work, and conduct business in the digital age, making it an enduring and invaluable tool in the realm of technology.


Full form of HTML is ‘Hyper Text Markup Language’. It is a most basic and required language to create any website structure. HTML labels pieces of website structure, if it is heading, if it is body, if it is title, if it is paragraph, if it is link, etc. using special tags. Each website contains some basic tags to create the structure of website. HTML file can be created using a simple notepad and save the file with extension ‘.html’ or ‘.htm’. When we add proper tags in a file ended with .html or .htm, such file saves like a browser type of file in computer. When we double click on this kind of file with extension .html or .htm, it opens in a web browser and shows the website structure created by us using various tags written in HTML language.

Let us learn how to create most basic tags present in every HTML file and how to create a special HTML file on your computer and you can see output in your browser offline. Watch this video (pause the video anytime to read descriptive text), to see these details:

While the above video covers most basic tags of HTML, there are a lot of other tags available in HTML to define a lot of different kinds of structures and functionalities in HTML. While we can also define a unique ID or a common class on multiple HTML tags, so as to do CSS, JavaScript or jQuery on it. While CSS can design the HTML file, JavaScript and jQuery can setup special events on different elements of HTML. HTML also provides a base on which various other server side programming languages like PHP can add dynamic functionalities in it using their special tags. So, we can say that HTML is the most useful website layout creation language on top of which other programming languages work to develop a proper website.

If you are interested to learn HTML, we have created a lot of different kinds of resources. It includes videos, paperback book and also a pdf type file which can be read directly on an electronic device screen.

If you want to learn more about HTML, here is a playlist of HTML coding videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCoiTjJJeUI&list=PLGnR7Ae9qkw77Mztjx6NvNq5GZZBMY0pw

You can buy paperback book to learn HTML:

If you want PDF version of book, it is available here: https://ziscom.in/product/learn-html-css-javascript-and-jquery/

While there is a lot to learn about programming languages for creating a website and many other website applications, it is very important to learn how the HTML works first. HTML is the base on top of which a lot of other programming languages work to create a website and many other applications. As the newer versions of HTML came, the basic tags are mostly working while only a few were removed or added more for the convenience. It is because almost every websites is working on the HTML and any major change in the tags of HTML would disturb the setup. So, the tags which could be somehow bad for website creation are removed or some tags which could make HTML more convenient to use are added in newer versions of HTML while initial version of HTML are also fully in working condition to keep the created websites up and working.

As humans are regularly trying to improve and optimize the technology over the passage of time and so there are minor changes in programming languages which result in regular maintenance of websites. So, there are requirements in changes to be done in websites time to time, to keep the websites running and also to upgrade them as per new useful functionalities available.

Contact for discussing or asking anything about HTML.

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